Religion in Pennsylvania. Thirty-two of the Commonwealth's sixty-seven counties levy a personal property tax on stocks, bonds, and similar holdings. Pennsylvania also has minor league and semi-pro sports teams: the Triple-A baseball Lehigh Valley IronPigs and the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders of the International League; the Double-A baseball Altoona Curve, Erie SeaWolves, Harrisburg Senators, and Reading Fightin Phils of the Eastern League; the Class A-Short Season baseball State College Spikes and Williamsport Crosscutters of the New York–Penn League; the independent baseball Lancaster Barnstormers and York Revolution of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball; the independent baseball Washington Wild Things of the Frontier League; the Erie BayHawks of the NBA G League; the Lehigh Valley Phantoms, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins, and Hershey Bears of the American Hockey League; the Reading Royals and of the ECHL; and the Philadelphia Soul of the Arena Football League.  The dam impounds the Allegheny River near Downtown Pittsburgh. The University of Pittsburgh Panthers claims nine national championships (1915, 1916, 1918, 1929, 1931, 1934, 1936, 1937 and 1976) and has played eight undefeated seasons (1904, 1910, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1920, 1937 and 1976).  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania's largest city, has a population of 1,526,006 and is the state's only first-class city. Pennsylvania was the center state of the German Reformed denomination from the 1700s. In the 2008 Presidential Election, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain in Pennsylvania, 3,184,778 (54%) to 2,584,088 (44%).  By June 11, 1674, New York reasserted control over the outlying colonies, including Upland, but the names started to be changed to British names by November 11, 1674. Hale, Horatio "The Iroquois Book of Rites" 1884. , There are a total of 56 cities in Pennsylvania, which are classified, by population, as either first-, second-, or third-class cities. The U.S. chocolate industry is centered in Hershey, Pennsylvania, with Mars, Godiva, and Wilbur Chocolate Company nearby, and smaller manufacturers such as Asher's in Souderton, and Gertrude Hawk Chocolates of Dunmore. Just a pretty logo or a way to build a brand? Pennsylvania Facts 2011 presents more than 120 facts on topics like population, political offices, transportation, education, and much more. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … Since 1992, however, the Philadelphia suburbs have swung Democratic; the brand of Republicanism there was traditionally a moderate one.  The Operations Committee is now in the process of contacting hundreds of religious groups to secure their participation in the 2020 US Religion Census.  The Wyoming Valley, consisting of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre, has the highest percentage of white residents of any metropolitan area (with a population of 500,000 or above) in the U.S., with 96.2% of its population claiming to be white with no Hispanic background. The largest ancestry groups are listed below, expressed as a percentage of total people who responded with a particular ancestry for the 2010 census:, As of 2011, 32.1% of Pennsylvania's population younger than age 1 were minorities. "The State of Independence" currently appears on many road signs entering the state. The Pennsylvania State Police is the chief law enforcement agency in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Meanwhile, only about a third of people in New Hampshire (33%), Massachusetts (33%), Vermont … D.G. Before that the province of Pennsylvania was governed for a century by a Frame of Government, of which there were four versions: 1682, 1683, 1696, and 1701. Pennsylvania was also the home of the first commercially drilled oil well. Notable racetracks in Pennsylvania include the Jennerstown Speedway in Jennerstown, the Lake Erie Speedway in North East, the Mahoning Valley Speedway in Lehighton, the Motordome Speedway(closed) in Smithton, the Mountain Speedway in St. Johns, the Nazareth Speedway in Nazareth (closed); the Lernerville Speedway in Sarver and the Pocono Raceway in Long Pond, which is home to two NASCAR Cup Series races and an IndyCar Series race. Record Group 13, Records of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission – as the Commonwealth’s statewide history agency, the Commission and it predecessor, the Pennsylvania Historical Commission, have long had an interest in the religious heritage of the state and in its religious structures. Pennsylvania German is often—even though misleadingly—called "Pennsylvania Dutch".  Bryan Cutler is Speaker of the House of Representatives, with Kerry A. Benninghoff as Majority Leader and Frank Dermody as Minority Leader. Popular Religions for Pennsylvania, PA . Pennsylvania's population in 2010 was 12,702,379. "Nation's largest medical school to open new $4M location at Seton Hill University". There are also two motocross race tracks that host a round of the AMA Toyota Motocross Championships in Pennsylvania. In 2007, Pennsylvania ranked 14th in mathematics, 12th in reading, and 10th in writing for 8th grade students. The Allegheny River Lock and Dam Two is the most-used lock operated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers of its 255 nationwide. Pennsylvania Department of Education: Home Education and Private Tutoring, Retrieved December 4, 2009. "Lambreville to Bruyas Nov. 4,1696" N.Y. Hist. But this figure is down from 79% as recently as 2008. The United States is an overwhelmingly Christian nation. It also has original jurisdiction to review warrants for wiretap surveillance. The University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, is considered the first university in the United States and established the country's first medical school. Retrieved August 17, 2017. Many state politicians have tried to increase the share of taxes paid by out of state sources. Philadelphia last hosted a papal visit in 1979 and is preparing for Pope Francis' arrival in September. Pennsylvania has 140 miles (225 km) of waterfront along Lake Erie and the Delaware River.. , "The Coal State", "The Oil State", "The Chocolate State", and "The Steel State" were adopted when those were the state's greatest industries.. As of 2010, 90.2% (10,710,239) of Pennsylvania residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 4.1% (486,058) spoke Spanish, 0.8% (103,502) German (which includes Pennsylvania Dutch) and 0.5% (56,052) Chinese (which includes Mandarin) of the population over the age of five. United States Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania, To the Inhabitants of the British Colonies, List of Pennsylvania counties by per capita income, List of Pennsylvania locations by per capita income, List of towns and boroughs in Pennsylvania, List of county seats in Pennsylvania (by population), List of census-designated places in Pennsylvania, List of colleges and universities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, List of public transit authorities in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority, NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Most spoken languages in Pennsylvania in 2010", "General Coastline and Shoreline Mileage of the United States", 2006 Statistical Abstract: Geography & Environment: Land and Land Use, "National Park Service: Our Fourth Shore", "Climate Information—National Weather Service Central PA", Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681, "Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh", https://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/treaty-of-shackamaxon-2/, https://hiddencityphila.org/2014/05/respectfully-remembering-the-affable-one/, "An account of the remarkable occurrences in the life and travels of Colonel James Smith (Late a citizen of Bourbon County, Kentucky) : during his captivity with the Indians, in the years 1755,'56, '57, '58, & '59", "Library of Congress: Primary documents—The Declaration of Independence", "Pennsylvania ratifies the Constitution of 1787", "The National Forests of the United States", "Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident", "In Japan, workers struggling to hook up power to Fukushima reactor", "Pennsylvania QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", John Mortonin jalanjäljillä Philadelphiassa, YLE: John Mortonin syntyperä syynissä Raytalammilla, "American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Research Brief : The Commonwealth's Official Source for Population and Economic Statistics", "Puerto Ricans Leave N.Y. Report Tells Where They Go—Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños", "Thedailyjournal—Puerto Rico's population exodus is all about jobs", "Population and Population Centers by State—2000", "Table 16: Resident Population by Age and State: 2010", "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates", "National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 67, Number 1, January 31, 2018", "Religious composition of adults in Pennsylvania", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Amish Country | Ohio | Visitor Information", "Friends General Conference States (2010)—QuickLists—The Association of Religion Data Archives", "New Hampshire Now Least Religious State in U.S", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Appeals court races wrap up with focus on voter mobilization", "Wal-Mart tops Pa. list of largest private employers", "Pennsylvania GDP and Per-Capita GDP | Department of Numbers", "Pennsylvania: real GDP growth 2000–2017 | Statistic", "Notice: Data not available: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics", "What is PA Preferred? 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